The Punganur is a 3rd grade Municipality of Chittoor District, under Anantapur Region. The Municipality has an extent of 17.02 Sq.K.m.The population of the town is 54746 as per 2011 census. The Municipality is divided into 24 Election Wards and 31 Revenue Blocks. The Municipality has 20 Notified Poor settlements and-13- Non-Notified poor settlements
Punganur town is located at 130-5’ N latitude and 780 32’ E latitude in the estreame western part of Chittoor District. 24K.ms from Madanapalli and 72 K.Ms to District Head quarters, On NH – 219 and MSL of the town is 2386fts .The main line of Madras Bombay Trunk Road having enough passengers and good transport of RTC and Private traffic run often to meet the needy situation of the public.
The Agriculture land 18% under water bodies covered about 71% of total extent of the town. The commercial, recreational areas are 1.1% of the total extent.
HISTORY : -
Punganuru has very ancient history. It was established as “VALANARAYANA CHATURVEDI MANGALAM” DURING 1610 A.C and later on it was know as PULINAADU. It was ruled by no of kingdoms like Chola Dinesty, Vidhambulu, Rastrakutulu and Pandyas up to 1308.From 1308 to 1510 it was under the Rule of Jamindhaari ( Generation of Pandyas). During 1781 the constitution went into the hands of Tippusulthan and afterwards British Kingdom rules from 1830 to 1948. The last Jamindhary Rule was under Veera Basava Chikka Rayalu ( who has expired during 1965). The Jamindhary Ruling was abolished during 1948.
Another stories say that the name of the town is derived from the name of a lady PUNGAMMA who has sacrificed her life in the trial of saving the people.
Once she protected the Tank Bund from breech out and saved the lives of the people. She struggled her self lonely through out the night at last she lost her life. The tank also named on her name PUNGAMMA CHERUVU after that incident she is being worshiped as goddess by the people of Punganur.
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS : -
The Punganur is a Taluk Head quarters town and Mandal Parishad Office. Mandal Revenue office, Sub-Treasury office, Sub-Registrar office, R & B, Panchayathi Raj, Fire station & Irrigation etc are located here.
The town has many Private & Govt. Education centers. In the town there is an agriculture market committee for marketing the agriculture products through from the winter land. The town is well connected with its winter land by road communications.
The town serves as retail as well as whole sale market for all consumer needs .The town is well connected with neighboring areas by road connections .The APSRTC has operating its own Bus services from Madanapalli & Palamaner depots to places like Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Tirupati, Kurnool, Cuddapah, Anantapur, Chittoor & Madanapalli etc.
Industries, employment pattern, etc. These Villages depend on Punganur for marketing their agriculture produce and for procuring their consumer needs, land surrounding Punganur Town for highly fertile. The soils in the region on predominately alluvial which are highly fertile and suitable for cultivating paddy, sugar cane, tamarind etc.